Several elements will affect your look. While you have minimal or no control over some features, you can change some of them. Crooked and poorly positioned or irregularly-spaced teeth should not be an element that affects your look. Multiple solutions exist for them nowadays. To this end, there are now many cosmetic centers offering alternatives for straighter and well-positioned teeth. A few people prefer these since they are often inexpensive and easily accessible. The safest and most effective solutions are, however, found in orthodontics.
In the Bay Area, braces remain among the most effective solution in orthodontics for the straightening of crooked teeth and closing of gaps. Unfortunately, to some, orthodontics is only a cosmetic treatment and thus one they can do without. Crooked and irregularly spaced teeth, however, also affect your overall dental health. This is because they make it a challenge to clean between your teeth and significantly increase your odds of dental conditions. Braces comprise several parts, including the archwires, brackets, and color ties. Wires move your teeth into an ideal position, and braces transfer the wires’ forces to the teeth while color ties connect the wires and brackets. The following are the types of archwires used for braces.
NiTi (Nickel-Titanium) Wires
These are superelastic wires that will snap back to their original shape if deformed. They are hence often used in the initial steps of your orthodontic treatment, where they apply gentle pressure on crooked teeth. There are multiple variations of NiTi archwires nowadays though heat-activated ones are the most popular. These are also called copper NiTi wires and include copper into their alloy. They will be deformed to match your oral temperature but snap into their initial shape after this. Copper NiTi wires are often used on severely crowded teeth.
These came into being in the 1980s and are somewhat a cross between stainless steel and NiTi archwires. They are not as inflexible as stainless steel and are less flexible than NiTi. Beta-titanium wires are not as routinely used though some orthodontists will prefer them for the mid-phases of your treatment. They nonetheless have considerable friction with braces and might, therefore, not be a suitable choice for closure for gaps.
Stainless Steel Wires
These are the most rigid of all archwires. They can be bent into all desirable shapes and have minimal friction with your braces. This makes stainless steel wires the leading choices for the closure of gaps. The wires are also the primary choice for the fabrication of Nance appliances that are used for the rotation or expansion of upper molars or holding the molars in place.
These comprise 20% chromium, 40% cobalt, and 15% nickel. They have considerable strength and formidability making them ideal for severely crooked teeth. Cobalt-chromium wires are, however, not common owing to their high costs.
Other than the ideal material from the above for your treatment, an orthodontist will also focus on picking its perfect size. Size in this context refers to the thickness or cross-section of your archwires. Small cross-sections are generally elastic and less rigid compared to larger ones, and thus often used in the last phases of orthodontic treatment.