One of the most common lifestyle conditions nowadays is diabetes. Other than poor life choices and the growing incidence of obesity worldwide, diabetes has a genetic predisposition. To this end, it will ordinarily run in families in at-risk people.

While people with diabetes will suffer diverse issues, the eye is one of the most affected organs. Diabetic retinopathy marks the most common complication of diabetes. The condition arises from the damage of the blood vessel of the retina. This is the light-sensitive tissue located at the back of your eyes.

Laser eye surgery treatment for glaucoma is the eventuality of untreated diabetic retinopathy since it often leads to glaucoma. Blurred vision, impaired color vision, empty or dark sections in your visual field and floaters are the common signs of diabetic retinopathy.

The condition, unlike most eye issues, ordinarily affects both eyes. The management of diabetic retinopathy is primarily based on the severity of your condition and is designed to slow down or halt the progression of the disease. Here are your treatment alternatives for advanced diabetic retinopathy.

Photocoagulation

This is a laser treatment also called focal laser treatment. It will slow down or stop the fluid and blood leakage in your eyes. During the treatment, the leakage is treated using laser burns. Photocoagulation is typically performed in the doctor’s office in one session.

While it might not correct blurred vision from the swelling of

eye laser treatment your eye vessels, it will reduce the worsening of your condition.

Pan-Retinal Photocoagulation

This is at times called scatter laser treatment. It is meant to shrink your eyes’ diseased blood vessels. In the treatment, the sections around the retina and away from the macula are treated using scattered laser burns. This results in the shrinking and scarring of the abnormal vessels.

Pan-retinal photocoagulation is done at the doctor’s office in a single session. Your vision might be blurred for some hours after the procedure, but this is thankfully transient and will resolve with no intervention.

Vitrectomy

In this option, a tiny incision is made in your eye. Blood will be removed through this incision from the vitreous humor in the center of your eye. The procedure will also get rid of scar tissue that might be tugging on your retina. Vitrectomy is done in a surgical setting under general or local anesthesia.

It allows the focus of light rays on your retina correctly and the restoration of your vision.

Injecting Drugs into Your Eye

The ophthalmologist can also recommend the injection of medication known as VEGF {vascular endothelial growth factor} inhibitors into your eyes. These drugs will inhibit the growth of blood vessels designed to replace the damaged ones.

They do this by blocking the impact of growth signals to your body for the generation of new blood vessels. The injections can be used as stand-alone treatments or with pan-retinal photocoagulation.

Diabetes is, unfortunately, a lifetime condition. The above treatments will not prevent you from suffering vision loss and retinal damage in the future. It is thus prudent to get a certified eye clinic for regular eye exams.

This way, eye problems will be promptly picked and managed to avert costly treatments and complete visual loss.