a psychiatrist taking notes whole observing patientCognitive distortion is the term used to refer to the way the mind convinces you to believe an untruth. You get a series of thoughts that reinforce negative emotions and keep you feeling bad about yourself. For instance, you try to take on a challenge and fail, and then your brain translates that situation to a failure in everything you do, branding you a loser.

Consulting a psychiatrist in Westport, CT is the best way to deal with cognitive distortions. A psychiatrist is equipped to help you identify such tendencies and plot a path to change. By learning to recognize such patterns of thought, you can refute negative thinking and win the battle in your mind. Read on to learn about the various kinds of cognitive distortions.

Filtering

In this case, your mind takes in all details of a situation but magnifies only its negative aspects. From then, you churn and explore the specific until the mind convinces itself that nothing good was ever said. Consequently, your vision of reality becomes blurred or distorted.

Polarized thinking

Here, things are one thing or the other, black or white. There is no room for alternatives. As a result, you get to thinking that you are just one of these two: perfect or a failure. Unfortunately, such thinking also reflects in how you treat other people; you place them in ‘either/or’ categories, blocking out the complex nature of humanity. Therefore, you are unable to experience the full palette of human emotion in your interactions.

Overgeneralization

This type of cognitive distortion makes it appear as if one event or one piece of information is part of a cosmic effort to destroy anything good. For example, if something terrible happens, a person might expect that it will keep repeating until the end of time. They may begin to see the one event as a cog in the ever-turning wheels of fate.

People suffering from these cognitive distortions tend to go on making decisions based on a single incident, which proves catastrophic in the end. The mind is a complex organ; a person could even have any of the three or all of them in different situations. It is advisable to seek the help of a professional.