There are many benefits to sustainability. It improves health, helps preserve the environment, and utilizes materials more efficiently. In the construction industry, sustainability makes the site safer and the construction process less expensive.
How do you make a construction site more sustainable? Here are some ways.
Use energy more efficiently
The best way to start is to establish energy efficient premises. Much of the pollution emitted by construction sites are coming from the transportation and building process. However, on-site offices should also manage energy efficiently.
To reduce energy usage, use a site accommodation with a high energy efficiency rating. Use a combined heat and power system (CHP) to ease your site into the transition towards renewable or more energy efficient alternatives to traditional power generation.
Improve construction waste management
In many countries, construction waste is one of the largest contributors to waste streams. So, improving the way you handle your waste on-site is a must for sustainability.
Haulers are now highly sophisticated, and they make waste reduction more achievable. Instead of having multiple trash bins to accommodate different types of waste, you will only need one, since haulers now use pickers to separate the materials. You should also recycle materials on-site as much as possible, like crushing concrete and using it for the building foundations or as aggregate beneath parking spaces.
Prefabricate materials off-site
Construct as much of the structure as possible in a controlled environment off-site. You will be able to cut materials more precisely this way, and churn out less trash. Sheet metal, for one, can change shape due to hot or cold weather when you cut it on-site. Since these materials will have a more precise shape or cut, the quality of the building will improve and you may even be able to create a structure strong enough to let you use wood framing as high as five stories.
Keep equipment running efficiently
Choose the right type of construction equipment for your site. For instance, an on-site generator should be the right size to cover the energy usage your site will require. As much as possible, use smaller generators when the energy demand is low. Although you may be hiring more than one, it guarantees that you are not consuming too much unnecessary energy.
Use high quality fuels for your equipment. If possible, use renewable alternatives and lubricate the equipment properly.
Choose sustainable materials
Selecting materials made from local sources and recycled products is essential to the sustainability of your construction project. These materials can be anything, from straw bales for walls, bamboo floors, rammed earth, recycled plastic, ferrock, and wood approved by the Forest Stewardship Council. Aside from being eco-friendly, most sustainable materials tend to be cheaper than their traditional counterparts.
To conserve water, install features that are designed to reduce water consumption, such as dual-flush toilets and low-flow faucets.
Choosing sustainable sources and materials, and reducing energy consumption and waste production are the main foundations for a sustainable construction site. In turn, your site will not only give rise to an eco-friendly building, but to a greener world, as well.